Use Medical Face Masks Properly

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, wearing face masks has become an essential part of our daily lives. Medical face masks play a crucial role in preventing the spread of infectious diseases and protecting both the wearer and those around them. However, simply wearing a mask is not enough; it is equally important to use it correctly to ensure its effectiveness. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the proper way to use medical face masks, providing you with valuable insights and practical tips.

Choose the Right Type of Face Mask

The first step towards using a medical face mask properly is selecting the right type. There are various options available, including surgical masks, N95 respirators, and cloth masks. Surgical masks are commonly used in healthcare settings, while N95 respirators offer a higher level of filtration. Cloth masks, on the other hand, are reusable and provide basic protection. Assess your needs and consult healthcare guidelines to determine the most suitable option for your situation.

Wash Your Hands

Before handling a face mask, it is crucial to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water or use a hand sanitiser containing at least 60% alcohol. This step ensures that your hands are clean and minimizes the risk of contamination when touching the mask.

Inspect the Mask for Damage

Before putting on a medical face mask, examine it for any visible signs of damage, such as tears, holes, or loose ear loops. A damaged mask may compromise its effectiveness, so it is important to discard it and use a new one if you notice any issues.

Position the Mask Correctly

Hold the mask by the ear loops or ties and position it over your nose and mouth, ensuring a snug fit. The coloured side of the mask is typically the front and should face outward, while the lighter side should be in contact with your face. Gently press the nose piece to mould it to the shape of your nose, ensuring a secure seal.

Adjust the Ear Loops or Ties

Secure the mask in place by adjusting the ear loops or ties. Ear loops should be placed around your ears and adjusted to eliminate any gaps between the mask and your face. If the mask has ties, tie them securely at the back of your head and neck, again ensuring a snug fit.

Avoid Touching the Mask

Once the mask is properly positioned and secured, it is important to avoid touching it while wearing it. Touching the mask increases the risk of contamination and compromises its effectiveness. If you need to adjust or touch the mask, wash your hands or use hand sanitiser before and after.

Breathe Normally

While wearing a medical face mask, continue to breathe normally. The mask is designed to allow air to pass through while filtering out harmful particles. It should fit comfortably on your face without obstructing your breathing. If you experience difficulty breathing or discomfort, adjust the mask or seek an alternative option.

Do Not Remove the Mask in Public

To ensure maximum protection, avoid removing the mask in public settings, especially in crowded places or areas with a high risk of exposure. Removing the mask increases the chances of coming into contact with contaminated surfaces or respiratory droplets.

Properly Dispose of Disposable Masks

Disposable masks should be discarded after each use. To remove the mask, grab the ear loops or ties and avoid touching the front of the mask. Dispose of it in a covered trash bin and wash your hands immediately afterwards.

  1. Clean and Store Reusable Masks

If you are using a reusable cloth mask, it is essential to clean it regularly. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for washing and drying. Store the mask in a clean, breathable container or bag to maintain its hygiene between uses.


Using medical face masks properly is crucial in our collective efforts to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. By selecting the right type of mask, positioning it correctly, avoiding unnecessary touching, and following proper disposal or cleaning guidelines, we can maximize the effectiveness of masks in protecting ourselves and others. Stay informed, stay safe, and remember that we are all in this together.

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